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DrillDown Icon Technical Info - Adhesives
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DrillDown Icon Technical Info - VMAX Electric Power Systems - General
DrillDown Icon Technical Info - VMAX Electric Power Systems - Products
DrillDown Icon Technical Info - VMAX Engines (Glow) - General
DrillDown Icon VMAX Engines - Documents
DrillDown Icon Engine Bearings - Replace or Not?
DrillDown Icon Engine Piston & Sleeve - Replace or Not?
DrillDown Icon After Run Oil - Why use it?
DrillDown Icon Engine Carburetor - Spray Bar - Alignment
DrillDown Icon Engine Carburetor - Rotor Difficult to Rotate
DrillDown Icon Engine Carburetor - Low Speed Mixture - How to Set?
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DrillDown Icon Engine Cleaning - How to Do It?
DrillDown Icon Engine Dimensions (Sizes)
DrillDown Icon Engine Head Bolts - How Tight?
DrillDown Icon Engine - Inverted Operations
DrillDown Icon Engine OK on Ground - Poor in Flight
DrillDown Icon Engine Power - What is Appropriate?
DrillDown Icon Engine Prop Size?
DrillDown Icon Engine (ABC type) - Clyinder (Sleeve) Removal
DrillDown Icon Engine (ABC type) - Crankshaft Removal
DrillDown Icon Engine (ABC type) - Piston Removal
DrillDown Icon Engine (ABC type) is Tight at Top Dead Center - Is something wrong?
DrillDown Icon Engine Storage - Preparation
DrillDown Icon Engine Types and Power Considerations
DrillDown Icon Rust - How to Remove It?
DrillDown Icon Rust - Why is it Bad? How to Prevent It?
DrillDown Icon Technical Info - VMAX Engines (Glow) - Products
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Engine (ABC type) - How to Remove the Cylinder (Sleeve)

Question: I need to change the cylinder on my VMAX ABC type engine. How do I remove the Cylinder without damaging anything?

Answer: Install a propeller and tighten it securely. Remove the glow plug and brass glow plug washer. Remove the head. Rotate the propeller until the piston is at the bottom of the large exhaust port. Position the brass glow plug washer on top of the piston so that about 10-15% of  the brass glow washer protrudes into the exhaust port but not beyond the outside diameter of the cylinder. Hold the engine level and rotate the prop so as to raise the piston. The brass glow plug washer will catch on the side of the exhaust port and you can then use the leverage of the propeller to literally lift the cylinder out of the crankcase.

Note that in nearly 100% of cases, when replacing the cylinder in an ABC engine, the piston should be replaced also. They are generally sold as a set.

Better Answer: The trick to this is NOT to use vice grips, pliers or other tools on the cylinder itself. Follow the procedure outlined in the Answer above. The brass washer is softer than the plated cylinder and the piston so that it will not mark either when used as a lifting wedge. The propeller provides plenty of convenient leverage to literally lift the cylinder right out of the crankcase.

If the cylinder will not move using this technique try the following: Install the engine in a test stand or clamp GENTLY in a vice (emphasis on GENTLY!). Keep uplifting pressure on the brass washer and cylinder via the propellor. Heat the crankcase top section around the cylinder with a heat gun. This will expand the crankcase somewhat allowing the cylinder to move more easily. Increase the pressure on the prop and the cylinder will move upwards and out of the crankcase.

If the cylinder will still not move after heating the crankcase try the following next: Leave the engine clamped down. Get a can of Pacer Degreaser. Use eye protection and rubber gloves. Move outside. We are not going to use the Degreaser as degreaser per se. It has another quality that we need. It has a very high evaporation rate and cools whatever it is sprayed on. So we are going to use it to cool the cylinder liner after heating the crankcase. The heat will expand the crankcase and the degreaser cooling will contract the cylinder allowing the cylinder to be removed from the crankcase. It is important to DO THIS OUTSIDE. Do NOT USE your heat gun and your degreaser at the same time. Keep uplifing pressure on the brass washer and cylinder via the propellor. Heat the crankcase top section around the cylinder with a heat gun. Don't go overboard. Just get it nice and warm. TURN OFF THE HEAT GUN and set it aside at a safe distance. Now take the degreaser and spray a good blast into the cylinder on top of the piston. This will cool the cylinder quickly. Now increase the pressure on the prop and the cooler contracted cylinder will move upwards and out of the heated expanded crankcase.

Article ID: 2741